The book highlights the underlining reasons for the Khilafat Movement (1920) and its progress. The Khilafat movement was started by both Muslims and Hindus in India against the British government for back tracking on the assurances given by the British government to the Muslims before the First World War. These assurances included the recognition of Sultan of Turkey as the religious head or Caliph of Muslims and inclusion of Asia Minor and Thrace as integral parts of Turkey. But because Turkey had aligned with Germany against the British and the Allied forces in the First World War, the British punished Turkey by dismembering Turkey and depriving the Sultan of Turkey from being the Caliph and putting him under the rule and control of High Commission of the Allied forces. This anti-Muslim movement gave birth to an agitation by the Muslims and Hindus which came to be known as Khilafat Movement. It was led by the famous Ali Brothers – Maulana Shaukat Ali and Maulana Mohammad Ali. Mahatma Gandhi also supported this movement as part of India's struggle for independence. Boycott of British goods and use of Indian goods (Swadeshi), non-cooperation and non-violence were the main tools of the agitators. The Book provides the source material on the Khilafat Movement.